Arthroscopy means to look within the joint, is a surgical procedure doctors use to look at, diagnose, and treat acute and chronic joint problems. Arthroscopy was well known procedure in 1960s with the emergence of fiberoptic technologies in short span of time widespread throughout the world. Now a day, arthroscopic surgery is considered a low risk procedure for treating commonplace and indispensable joint operations. Most of the time, it’s done on the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, or wrist.
Facts Associated With Arthroscopy
- Usually Performed In The Outpatient.
- Minimal Invasive Surgical Procedure.
- To Diagnose And Treatment Of Joint Abnormalities.
- Results Are Excellent.
- Limited Risks.
- Doctors Believe – Arthroscopy, The Best Treatment Options.
Necessity Of Arthroscopic Procedure
Joint abnormalities are caused by diseases, accidents, and fractures etc. These joint deformities may lead to pain, stiffness, redness, swelling, weakness and limitation of motion. Treatments depend on a thorough medical history- from present illness to past medical history, health check-up, and conventional x-ray examination. Despite of, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as computed tomography (CT) is also used to get more detail about breaks, fractures, and diseases.
Using the arthroscope more accurate and final diagnosis is made than open surgery or X-ray studies. Some of the most commonly observed conditions found during examinations of joints are:
- Inflammation On Joint Lining Felt In The Knee, Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist, Or Ankle.
- Unsteady Cartilage, Especially In The Knee, Shoulder, Elbow, Ankle, Wrist, Or Hip.
- Cartilage Damage Such As Sports Injury, Or Gradual Wear And Tear.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome In The Wrist.
- Tendon Injuries.
- Ligament Tears With Instability In The Knee.
- Injuries Like Shoulder Rotator Cuff Tendinitis Or Impingement Syndrome.
Yes, indeed! Arthroscopy is a trustworthy procedure but nevertheless complications can occur with any surgical procedure and medical condition. Some common complications may arise-
- Blood Clots In Veins.
- Excessive Bleeding.
- Allergic Reaction During Anaesthesia.
- Tissue Or Nerve Damage.
- Numbness At The Surgical Sites.
Preparation Prior To Arthroscopy
If surgery is recommended, you must consult in advance with arthroscopic surgeon for the pre-operative test that will generally include physical examination, blood tests and a urinalysis etc. In addition that, the doctors may recommend for several other necessary tests to assess the heart, kidney, liver and other organs functionalities to avoid the conditions of heart failure or emphysema. Other medical problems must be keep control in advance before proceeding surgery, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Constant infection in the body more often postpones arthroscopy, unless it is cured. It is highly recommended that the patient does not eat or drink anything after midnight on the day prior to their surgery unless, he has been told to have it.
What Happens During The Arthroscopy Procedure?
Arthroscopy treatment begins while the patient asleep under general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia will depend on the discussion that patient have with an anesthesiologist. In an arthroscopic surgery, Doctors will clean the skin over the surgical area with an antiseptic solution. Thereafter, a small incision is made to insert the arthroscope in joint area. Depending on the joint or suspected problem; many other incisions can be done to insert other instruments in order to visualize other parts of the joint. The Camera connected to the arthroscope allows the surgeon to look inside the joint, figure out the problem, and decide what type of surgery is needed. Once the required procedure is completed, the arthroscope is pulled out and the incisions will be closed with stitches or adhesive strips. A sterile bandage or dressing is placed over the incision.
Any joint can have arthroscopic surgery procedure. It is literally up to an orthopedist’s ability and willingness whether he wishes to carry out joint deformities treatment through arthroscopy or not, but expert surgeon’s recommendation is based on the disease and condition where Dr. Manit Arora names come in.
One of the best known orthopedic surgeons in Mohali, Punjab – Dr. Manit Arora, has successfully performed thousands of arthroscopic surgeries of knee, shoulder, ankle, wrist, elbow and hip including joint operations, hip, knee replacement and revision surgeries. He did medical school and internship program at University of New South Wales (Sydney, Australia); Master of Surgery degree at UNSW (Sydney, Australia) followed by his orthopedic training in Mumbai (India) where he gained the gold medal for his remarkable and extraordinary performance. Thereafter, accomplished Master of Sports Medicine degree at University of Queensland (Australia); He is appointed as an Adjunct Lecturer at University of New England, Australia and a Conjoint Associate Lecturer at UNSW, Australia. He is also a Young Ambassador for the Asia Pacific Orthopedic Association, an ISAKOS Teaching Centre Scholar and Upper Extremity Fellow, ISAKOS International Sports Medicine Fellow, UNE Young Distinguished Alumni and Royal College of Surgeons of Canada International Resident Leader.